In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. John 1:1-2
John 1:1-5 and Proverbs 8:22-31 are the only references to any sort of Pre-birth state of Jesus. I would tend to make a distinction between the divine Logos and the Son of God.
He had demonstrated some abilities as a youth. His knowledge of scripture (Luke 2:46-47)(It is also interesting to note that the boy Jesus was in the temple courts for 3 days) is a good example. But far from being miraculous.
Post-baptism / Pre-resurrection: The Ministry of Jesus
After John baptizes Jesus, marking the commencement of His 3-year ministry, the frequency and degree of His “powers” seems to drastically increase. Yet Jesus Himself admits that He is neither omnipotent nor omniscient.
Post-resurrection / Pre-Ascension
After Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection His “powers” and abilities seem to increase even more so. Having the (apparent) ability to mask or hide His identity (Luke 24:15-16) on the road to Emmaus and the ability to simply appear within a locked and enclosed room (John 20:19).
We know nothing about the Ascended Jesus, but can only assume this “power” still increases. It is here that the situation becomes interesting and critical. It is at this point that I believe the post-resurrection Jesus, as the Son of God, truly becomes the Logos, reaching His absolute and full divine potential, returning to His pre-birth status.
We should come to see that this really isn’t the evolution of “power” or omnipotence, but just the opposite. The act of entering our created universe of 4 dimensions (stepping into the time-stream ) was a de-evolution of the divine.
Another point of interest is the seemingly recurrent number of 3. From birth to the beginning of His ministry was 30 years, or three decades. Jesus’ ministry itself only lasted three years. From his crucifixion to His resurrection was three days. And, as noted above from Luke 2:46-47, when Jesus was left behind in the Temple Courts it was again for three days. Also, the three final hours of Jesus’ life, darkness fell across the land (Matthew 27:45, Mark 15:33, & Luke 23:44). I cannot help but take notice of the symbolism here. We really don’t need to ask whether this was something manmade or specifically designed by God – a seemingly coincidence. If we allow ourselves to get bogged down by this we truly miss the point. The point being that this symbolism is present. It would be a bit of a step to argue this in defense of the Trinity, but it would also be a large step to outright ignore it too.
Ultimately, in my attempts to understand the Trinity, I would be more inclined to believe that the Logos, more than the Son, is one of the persons of the Trinity. The Son is an aspect of the Logos – a watered down, or un-evolved form of it – or “contained” within the Logos. I could accept the Logos aspect of God as the Creator, but not specifically Jesus. As we have already noted, the pre-resurrection Jesus was neither omnipotent nor omniscient. So how could He have been the Creator? However the post-resurrection or post-ascension Jesus really is more closely resembling the Logos. The Logos aspect or facet of God could very easily – and in all likelihood - be the Creator.